Benesse Art Site Naoshima by Tadao Ando located in Naoshima Island, Japan | The Hardt
Benesse Art Site Naoshima by Tadao Ando located in Naoshima Island, Japan. “Benesse Art Site Naoshima” is the collective name for all art-related activities conducted by Benesse Holdings, Inc. and Fukutake Foundation on the islands of Naoshima and Teshima in Kagawa Prefecture and on Inujima island in Okayama Prefecture.
The Chichu Art Museum (地中美術館, Chichū Bijutsukan) is a unique modern art museum built into a hillside overlooking the southern coast of Naoshima. The museum building, designed by Ando Tadao and itself a work of art, is mostly located underground and solely utilizes natural light to illuminate the artwork. This creates a viewing experience that is heavily influenced by the surrounding natural environment.
The museum has been built around a rather small collection of art. The first gallery displays large murals from Claude Monet’s “Water Lilies” series. This is followed by a few works by James Turrell, who uses light as a medium. They include the “Open Sky” room from his “Skyspaces” series which has sister exhibits around the world including the 21st Century Museum in Kanazawa. Finally, the deepest part of the Chichu Museum houses the “Time/Timeless/No Time” installation by Walter De Maria. Tickets are purchased at the museum’s ticket center located a short walk downhill from the museum entrance. The ticket center has a small cafe and waiting area as only a limited number of visitors are admitted to the museum at one time. There are also coin lockers available as bags and cameras are not allowed in the museum and must be stowed before entering.
The Pulitzer Arts Foundation by Tadao Ando located in St Louis, Missouri, USA | The Hardt
The Pulitzer Arts Foundation by Tadao Ando located in St. Louis, Missouri, USA is Japanese master Tadao Ando’s very first freestanding public commission in the United States, completed in 2001. Since August 2014, the original building has been undergoing a makeover, in consultation with Ando, to accommodate the foundation’s growing needs. Responding to an increasing demand for space, the new project includes a significant expansion of the foundation’s gallery area. Arranged within the building’s lower level, two major new display spaces, which previously hosted offices and storage, will now be part of the institution’s exhibitions and activities program, aimed to engage the wider public and local community. These new spaces increase the foundation’s program capacity by a striking near-fifty percent. At the same time, the organization (previously known as The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts) relaunches under a new name ‘to emphasize [its] institutional vision’. This is the building’s first major alteration since its completion in the early noughties. And Ando’s skillful redesign is focusing on more than just increasing floor space; a new, additional staircase will support movement through the building and help with visitor flow, perfecting both circulation and visitor experience within the new and old parts.
House GePo (2012) by OYO located in Wijgmaal, Belgium | The Hardt
House GePo (2012) by OYO located in Wijgmaal, Belgium. This stunning render has a floor plan of the 1,938 ft² (180 m²) house has a very open vibe to it, mostly due to the heavy use of steel in the framing and elsewhere. OYO chose for a minimalistic approach, omitting fancy details. They believe there is no need for over the top extras and find simple minimalistic interiors to be the gold standard. I wouldn’t argue with that person. This and other choices result in a low budget home that sticks perfectly to the basic idea of living. The house functions in a very open-minded and opportunistic way. Every room in this house is connected and ready to absorb the creativity of its residents.
Official trailer of the film “Koolhaas Houselife” by Ila Bêka & Louise Lemoine
Maison Bordeaux by Rem Koolhaas located in Bordeaux, France | The Hardt
Maison Bordeaux by Rem Koolhaas located in Bordeaux, France. With the ability to make even the simplest and straightforward programs spatially dynamic and in a constant state of redefinition, Rem Koolhaas and his firm OMA have redefined the term that “a house is a machine for living” in their design of Maison Bordeaux. Completed in 1998, Maison Bordeaux sits on a small cape-like hill overlooking the city of Bordeaux. The house was designed for a couple and their family, but before Koolhaas and OMA were commissioned for the project in 1994 the husband of the family was in a life-threatening car accident that left him paralyzed from the waist down. Two years after his accident, the couple approached Koolhaas to design them a new home outside of Bordeaux. Despite having been paralyzed, the man did not want t straightforward house rather he wanted a complex design, stating: “Contrary to what you would expect. I want a complex house because the house will define my world.” Koolhaas proposed a rather simple volume that was spatially complex and innovative in terms of the interior organization and conditions. Koolhaas proposed a house that was the compilation of three houses stacked on top of one another; each with their own unique characteristics and spatial conditioning.
The house appears as three separate entities that fluctuate between opaque and transparent. The lower level sits like a heavy mass that is carved into the hill. The interior is cavernous and labyrinthian, in a sense, where all of the intimate activities of the family take place. The middle volume is the most transparent as well as the most occupied space in the house. It is the space for the living area that is situated partially indoors and outside offering extensive views over Bordeaux and allowing for a multitude of activities with its open plan. The top volume is similar to the lower level in that it is opaque and conceals the bedrooms of the children and the couple. Unlike the lower level, the volume is penetrated with porthole windows that create views for the residents from their beds.
With each floor being inherently different it is perplexing as to how a handicapped man was able to live in such a spatially complex house. Even though there is no duplicated, or repeated, organizational system, all three volumes are tied together by a central elevator that moves between each floor. However, it is not simply just an elevator for vertical circulation between floors, but it is masked by the husbands office that provides access to the entire house moving from the kitchen, the lower level, all the way to the bedroom on the highest floor, which was driven by a large hydraulic piston that raised and lowered the room whenever necessary. This ingenious idea of creating a room that is capable of moving vertically through the house creates a spatial dynamism within the house that is always changing and redefining the space of the office as well as the space where it stops.
With the three differentiated volumes stacked on one another, it appears as if the highest volume is floating on the middle volume because of the transparent glass. With such a complex organization among floors, the overall structure of the house comes into question as to how these volumes stack up to one another. With the third volume seemingly floating on top of the middle volume and actually cantilevering over it, one wonders how it could be supported. The cantilevering volume is supported by a steel tube that conceals a spiral staircase that extends throughout each level of the house. In addition to the steel cylinder, there is an L – shaped brace that supports the back end of the house, which is complemented by a steel beam that runs along the roof that connects to a tension cable that is buried in the ground to stabilize the lateral loads – a signature of architectural intent by Koolhaas and Cecil Balmond.
Maison Bourdeaux is a masterful innovation of space that far exceeded the expectation of the client’s wishes. Maison Bordeaux remains as a private residence that does not allow public visitors; however, regardless of its seclusion, it is still an innovative architectural landmark that was true “a machine for living.”
Within an exclusive video interview, Zumtobel had the chance to talk to Rem Koolhaas. In this context, Koolhaas provides insights into his work. In particular, he emphasizes the creative freedom of forms and the potential of lighting in contemporary architecture. He uses artificial light as a coding to understand the complexity of his buildings.
Movies On Design 2015: Koolhaas Houselife 25—26 September / 2, 4 October 2015
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