Casa Ladrillo in Rosario by Diego Arraigada Arquitectos, Rosario, Argentina | The Hardt
Casa Ladrillo in Rosario by Diego Arraigada Arquitectos, located in Argentina. Ladrillo refers to the brick in Spanish – so the Casa Ladrillo is a brick or brick house. In Argentina’s third largest city, Rosario, this material is mandatory for the exterior walls of each new building and the local building code even specifies its thickness of at least 30 centimeters. The local architect Diego Arraigada is therefore well-versed in dealing with masonry and has designed a cube-shaped dwelling-house for a family of four, in which apart from the load-bearing outer and inner walls, the shell also has a perforated bandage as a filter and sun protection brick is built. On the 310 square meter property, he realized a three-story detached house with approximately 240 square meters of floor space. The supporting structure consists of three masonry walls that run perpendicular to the street and the street facade itself. Large openings with floor-to-ceiling sliding glass doors and loggias face the garden to the north. The subtly masonry exterior walls with perforations and diamond-shaped openings, on the one hand, protect against insights and sunlight, but on the other hand, allow views into and sufficient daylight into the interior.
Enter the house on the southeast side through a triangular opening in the masonry. The ground floor accommodates the kitchen and the living-dining area with terrace to the garden as well as a guest WC. A staircase along the closed street facade leads to the first floor, where there are three equally sized bedrooms and two bathrooms. On the second floor are a large studio and the laundry room and a roof terrace. All masonry walls are unpainted and the concrete floors, floors, and staircases remained untreated. Masonry the best ratio of load capacity to opening percentage and transparency arises. Using a digital structural model and algorithm, the architects applied the perforation patterns to the structure and placed the openings. The mild climate in Rosario makes it possible to construct a single-shell external wall of brick without a thermal barrier coating. Investigations in advance showed that in the outer walls by the Kreuzverband.
The exterior walls are made of locally produced bricks and consist of three layers. The outer two layers are built according to the rules of the masonry building in the Cross Association, the inner layer is executed as usual in an exposed masonry as a masonry. The semi-open north facade in front of the loggias is only two stone layers deep, here accounted for the inner shell. At the larger diamond-shaped openings, the load transfer takes place diagonally; here the masonry was additionally reinforced. By uniform cross-shaped perforations reaches the north facade, the maximum allowable opening rate of about 35 percent, while in the other facades, the openings are partly continued as a pure relief in the outermost layer of masonry.
Photos by Gustavo Frittegotto
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House 53 (2009) by Marcio Kogan located in Sao Paulo, Brazil | The Hardt
House 53 (2009) by Marcio Kogan located in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The House 53 volumetry was defined following São Paulo city building laws and the site’s peculiar shape, which is just over 10 meters in front and approximately 30 meters in length. According to the legislation one can build in the neighborhood up to a two-floor building, settled upon the site’s lateral limits. A third floor is allowed as long as the lateral setbacks are respected. The house was conceived as wood and mortar monolithic block with another concrete and glass volume upon it. Due to the ground’s small front and volumetry, the box’s two edges had to make the most of light’s entrance, which explains the large windows. It was also desirable that these windows would make it possible to darken the internal environment whenever needed.
The house’s interior volume, which comprises the living room on the first floor, and the bedrooms on the second floor, is a glass box with wooden brises that open as folding doors. The rooms’ front and back facades were designed to be completely closed or opened. From the outside, when the brises (and the front wall, which follows the same language) are closed, it´s impossible to distinguish the openings, and all wooden surfaces make up a pure single volume, without bumps. When these brises are opened, the house looks like a large wood folding.
© Rômulo Fialdini
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Chimney House (2009) by Marcio Kogan located in Sao Paulo, Brazil | The Hardt
Chimney House (2009) by Marcio Kogan located in Sao Paulo, Brazil. A wooden patio with trees, formed by the volumetry of the house and a concrete wall, articulates the entire program of the Chimney House. The living room is enclosed in the boxed ground floor of this volume and wide windows open it to the external space. The inner dimensions of the living room 6.5m by 10.3m, and the low ceiling of 2.40m, create a sensation of coziness, accentuated by the textured of the concrete ceiling made with narrow wooden formwork. In this way, a desired horizontal proportion for this project is created. In the two-story volume, arranged perpendicular to the living room, on the ground floor, is the service program, the kitchen and a TV room and, on the second floor, the three bedrooms. Sliding wooden brises filter the light into the inner ambient and the windows open out to the patio. The master bedroom extends outward to a wooden-decked solarium. In this space, a ground fire can be used to cook a great bar-b-cue on a sunny day or to light the house on a dark night. The chimneys on the rooftop are of varied shapes, inspired in the chimneys on the rows of houses in the city of São Paulo.
© Reinaldo Coser + Gabriel Arantes
Lộc House (2016) by 23o5studio located in Thành phố Thủ Dầu Một, Vietnam | The Hardt
Lộc House (2016) by 23o5studio located in Thành phố Thủ Dầu Một, Vietnam. Lộc House is a living space of a family with 2 young daughters. The space’s intention is to connect the family members’ activities together. The house’s common area features a small courtyard roofed by a veranda, where the children can enjoy the open space. Lộc house’s colorful veranda casts wavy silhouettes on the wood clad floor. The common space is “Mái hiên” and a small courtyard inside, where children can playing around, reading a book,… In the home, all members are able to observe and communicate with one another through “Khoảng trống.” In the course of operation, human communication of light, wind, and plants act as a resonant and emotional touch. The house’s character then becomes an organic part of the environment, along with the plethora of greenery decorating the rooms. The bedrooms are considered to meet in a just enough way. The architects intentionally left the open space untouched in order to facilitate communication between each other.
© KingKien Photography
Spa + Hotel La Romana (2012) by Isaac Peral Codina located in La Romana, Alicante, Spain | The Hardt
Spa + Hotel La Romana (2012) by Isaac Peral Codina located in La Romana, Alicante, Spain. The local field contains oxides that stain the red landscape. The building has been built with local stone, such as Marble Rojo Alicante, blending in well with the surroundings. The block, marble, and scarlet welcomes you inside, austere but comfortable, and offers a sensorial experience of water and light. The soft light from inside only broke with the light entering through the many cracks in the coating carved marble. There is an attractive interior space, which only communicates with the outside through strategically located grooves that discover you the landscape. The concrete ceiling finished with the texture of the wooden forms, reflects the water sparkle, opens through skylights. In this way, the lighting is overhead, which when mixed with water vapor surrounds you in a nice weightless environment.
Living the Spa Sunsets is a vibrant experience. The light is transformed from a natural light cascading down the skylights with orange warm colors. Entering through the cracks in hundreds of lighting lines that reinforce the red light of the stone, until you can feel gradually the artificial lighting designed to introduce a fun and relaxing environment. The Sunrise reverses the process. All used construction materials are natural (stone, iron, and wood), and they are typical for the area, reinterpreting a vernacular architecture and a lyrical form, where predominates the light treatment to perceive the space. This makes a very modern architecture, fed by the building tradition of the area.
In addition to its innovative design of the facilities, unlike any other Spa, in its facilities, there is a saving energy system that uses the bioclimatic techniques which have made the building a sustainable and economical installation. All lighting system in the SPA is natural. Artificial lighting is necessary only during the night. Inside we use the perimeter skylights. The natural lighting in all spaces is solved by the glass wall facade, whose light will filter through the lattice. The lattice prevents the sunlight to enter straight into de interior space, then, in warm months, cooling is not required. The spaces have cross ventilation to provide dehumidification and hydrothermal comfort. The energy from the solar panels heats the water in the pool and in the indoor spa. The marble stone is an excellent receptive material that keeps the space warm in winter for many hours, even overnight.
All materials used are local, minimizing transportation costs and manufacturing. Therefore the ecological impact of the building is very small.
© David Frutos
Located in Avaré, Brazil, Ownerless House nº 01 (2015) by Vão | The Hardt
Located in Avaré, Brazil, Ownerless House nº 01 (2015) by Vão. The Ownerless House nº 01 is the first of three contiguous lands bought by the client with the intent of building investment houses in Avaré, a city in the interior of São Paulo. The single-family housing projects usually turn to desires and particularities of the clients but in this case, the client being only an intermediary to the future resident, the program and space should be flexible enough to accommodate the most diverse families dynamics. Get at the link in bio to check the rest of the project. The entire project was designed not as an object but as a route back to the interior with alternating open and closed spaces where natural light and reflections change according to the time and the season. Viewed externally, the house presents itself as a sculpted recess into the built mass, where the leaning red wall directs the perspective to the beginning of the journey.
The living, dining and kitchen areas are spread out over a courtyard located in the center of the plan which, surrounded by large panels of glass, dilutes the limits by integrating them visually. Both the patio and its extension, a lowered floor of hydraulic tiles, are covered by a continuous pergola. These pergola elements were prefabricated individually on the bed and later assembled in order to facilitate assembly and save on shapes and struts. This technique was rescued from studies of the work of the Brazilian architect Rino Levi, where the architect uses the prefabricated elements of concrete in residences in the capital to create light entrances in the middle of the slab.
© Pedro Kok
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Blairgowrie Back Beach (2013) by Wolveridge Architects situated in Blairgowrie VIC, Australia | The Hardt
Blairgowrie Back Beach (2013) by Wolveridge Architects situated in Blairgowrie VIC, Australia. The clients for this project approached us around Easter in 2011. They are a young family from the city who had purchased this terrific sloping allotment just five minutes’ walk from back beach along Bass Strait. The landform was dominated by an awkward contour and it was clear that the site was halfway up a dune. The block to the west was the top of the dune and the vacant block to the east was the bottom. There was native vegetation, but it was sporadic and insignificant. We were briefed to provide a family home that would give plenty of outdoor space and play area for the kids and their friends, but most importantly the brief insisted that the feel of the house be quite divorced from reminders of life in the city. We studied the landform and we studied the planning requirements. We then prepared a building envelope, placing the dwelling as far to the rear (south) of the lot as possible, providing a terrific expanse of open space to the north. By the time we pushed the form back, it was significantly elevated.
As the founding materials are sand, we undertook a major rethink of the landform and the site’s contours by excavating under the dwelling area to create a large undercroft and lower ground floor rumpus area and used that fill to create a north facing quadrangle at the upper level. The result is an apparent single story, low slung dwelling on arrival. A further challenge contemplated the public aspect. The road is located north of the site, therefore a driveway for car parking and arrivals needed to consider how we might plan to make this open space private. We employed a permeable but physical barrier dissecting the public and private aspects of the dwelling. The form of the barrier, a series of free-standing steel sheets with 100mm gaps exists as a sculptural element in the landscape, evoking images of the found object. Access to the dwelling is external, via a garden path defined by a further device, a line of pillars constructed from rammed earth also emerging as objects in the landscape, seemingly molded by the conditions over time. This element clearly defines the public and private realms, yet provides crossovers and transitional spaces in the form of a sandpit, an outdoor shower area, and landscape planting zones. The dwelling itself is conceived over four main modules. Two main living zones separated by a services zone which is located directly over the rumpus room below. The fourth module is the semi roofed external living area, linking the dwelling interior with the landscape. The clients embraced a robust approach to the design of the dwelling. The plan form is rectilinear, with hallways wide enough for kids to ride their bikes. A second linking bbq deck completes the circuit. The materials are generally recycled timbers, with blackened plywood walls, a black ceiling which encourages the enjoyment of light and the externally framed views of the landscape. The bathrooms are glossy heat treated mild steel which reflects the color of the mosaic tiled floors and the shafts of light from the skylights. At night, the sheets imbue a warmth in the reflection of incandescent light.
One of the owners grew up in Eltham, a rural bushland retreat east of the city in a house designed by Alistair Knox. The imagery portrayed by the client of a childhood memory growing up in a Knox dwelling had a significant impact on the project. We considered the use of breeze block and concrete block to provide reminders and links back to notions of the surf clubhouse. Through the development of the design, these elements became more refined with the use of rammed earth and the implementation of laser cut screens employing one of the common motifs of the breeze block.
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Sonnesgade 11 (2016) by SLETH architects located in Sonnesgade 11, Aarhus C, Denmark | The Hardt
Sonnesgade 11 (2016) by SLETH architects located in Sonnesgade 11, Aarhus C, Denmark. As the city of Aarhus prepares for 2017, a number of urban districts are being transformed from industry to modern city districts. One of the main cultural venues in 2017 will be Godsbanen – a new lively and cultural district on the old freight terminal area. The new mixed building by SLETH is situated nearby Godsbanen and reflects the transformation from industry to the lively cultural urban district. The starting point for the design of the new office building is an ambition to reuse and rethink spatial and material quality on the former industrial site. The new building is directly grounded on the original underground industrial constructions, which acts as the building’s foundation.
The building consists of 3 stacked layers of 50 meters long office floors supported by a core wall. Underneath the office floors, where the sloping terrain defines an opening, the restaurant is located facing the street. The parking garage and a wine retailer is located under the sloping landscape. The building has a high degree of flexibility and interaction between the floors, which enhances the meeting situations between different users of the building. The individual floors are open, flexible working environments with the service functions integrated as a single architectural element in the eastern facade of the building.
Around the building, the sloped asphalt terrain is forming the outdoor areas for terraces, bikes, and gardens. The building´s expression is a collage of elements reflecting the surroundings with 6 facades creating a dialogue with the mixed vague context. The project itself is a 1:1 realization of the architecture and challenges of the office SLETH as both landowners, developer, and architects – based on the potential of Sonnesgade. Product Description. The building features a large range of standard industrial materials: glass, steel, concrete. As a contrast to the hard industrial materials, the custom-made doors and furniture (both inside and outside) are done in oak and similar warm materials.
© Rasmus Hjortshøj / C O A S T
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