Situated in Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, Vietnam, Bb Home by H&P Architects | The Hardt
Situated in Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, Vietnam, Bb Home (2013) by H&P Architects. In Vietnam, the natural phenomena are severe and various: storm, flood, sweeping floods, landslides, drought, etc… The damage every year, which is considerable compared to the world scale, takes away about 500 persons and 1.2%-GDP-equally assets and reduces the involved areas’ development. One solution to houses and homes for millions of these people is the goal of this BB (Blooming Bamboo) home.
From the bamboo module of f8-f10cm & f4-f5cm diameter and 3.3m or 6.6 lengths, each house is simply assembled with bolting, binding, hanging, placing… This pulled monolithic architecture is strong enough to suffer from phenomena like a 1.5m-high flood. Currently, H&P Architects is experimenting with the model to suffer 3m-high flood. The space is multifunctional such as House, Educational, Medical, and Community Center and can be spread if necessary.
The users can build the house by themselves in 25 days. Besides, it can be mass produced with modules and the total cost of the house is only 2500$. Therefore, the house can warm people in the most severe conditions and help them control activities in the future, also remarkably contribute to ecological development as well as economic stabilization. This will give conditions for self-control process and create a connection between vernacular culture and architecture.
© Doan Thanh Ha
Aesthetically and Geographically Related projects:
Thong House (2014) by NISHIZAWA ARCHITECTS located in District 7, Vietnam | The Hardt
Thong House (2014) by NISHIZAWA ARCHITECTS located in District 7, Vietnam. The architecture takes advantage of two fronts, east, and south. On one side which is also the main elevation, is to the sun, the other has a magnificent view of the public park of the ward. Into a consistent dialogue with the next-door landscape, large openings in the southern side are proposed to enjoy the spectacular scenery of enormous plantings from the parks and witness the seasonally qualitative change throughout the years. The concept of geometry, while the volumes are mostly covered by wooden louver to absorb an amount of the sun heat before coming inside the house, the rotating door system covering the second-floor void, becomes the gate between the outside and inside of the house. The perceived quality of life in buildings should come from the geometry and how that geometry connects to human beings”. It was the initial thought we had when being offered to design a row house in Phu My Hung, a new urban development area in the Southern Saigon. This project could be considered as another attempt to find a contemporary living manner in row house typology. The brief was to get rid of the way of living we used to have in common townhouse, where the staircase in the center along with the corridor to access spaces covered by four walls which isolate people inside his own world. The client is a nuclear family, consisted of the parents and two kids with the explicit wish to have a home fulfilled with natural elements while being able to improve the spiritual connection between each family member.
Therefore, in a general view, the house looks like a composition of cubes as the private rooms while the spaces created under the shifting volumes will become the public areas for the family. The bold section plan which collateralized circulation, privacy, and activities-control, could be used to decide the function in each void and volumes. Continuously, a circulation as a silk ribbon is consequently created to connect all spaces together and tighten the relationship of spaces. From the main entrance, a narrow covered passageway introduces people to a 5-meter-height living space with the rotating door system at the end of the house. This system would be opened to the backyard garden and instantly fulfilled by wind provided through the tunnel. The living space and the dining area both expands vertically, through a double height, which helps to harmonize the public spaces inside the house with the outdoor impression. Along the straight flight steel staircase, some floating private volumes such as the library, space for the guest, and children space could gradually be seen. The master bedroom with the private common space in the fourth floor, are connected by a stone pavement that overcomes the garden which has been landscaped with indigenous plant and the top light above. The other utilities are arranged to be on the top floor. The rooftop garden provides outdoor space for the family to enjoy the nightlife in this new urban area. From the beginning till the end, the staircase – as the spine of the house lets us involve in a non-stop adventure to discover different places throughout the house.
We also have the practice that speculated on the idea to imitate the leaf-pattern and operate it as a decorative but still functional element. The outdoor wooden panels, which are externally arranged in a checkerboard pattern to express the main concept of stacking and shifting volumes, become fruitful with the leaf-pattern carved in and through, one by one. On the other hand, the internal louvers can be rotated so as to adjust upon the sunlight. The exposed concrete floor become more interesting with the “carpet” made with the leaf-pattern terrazzo. Moreover, the furniture itself is another way to increase the variety of pattern in interior design. The brutal feeling, with this meticulous detail, could somehow strongly strike the eye in an aesthetic sense. This architecture offers an interpretation of a fresh new lifestyle for young families in the modern tropical city. In another way, it could be considered as the cross point of modern and natural life which can be perfectly compatible with each other.
© Hiroyuki Oki
Aesthetically and Geographically Related projects:
Located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, ANH House by Sanuki + Nishizawa | The Hardt
Located in Ho Chi Minh City, ANH House by Sanuki + Nishizawa. This house, designed for a thirty-years-old-women and her family, is built on the plot of 4m wide and 21m deep in Ho Chi Minh City, which is very typical for urban tube houses in Vietnam. The main request from the client is to realize the bright and open space filled with natural light and greenery. Tube house, the most typical housing style in Vietnam, itself has a critical difficulty in getting enough natural light and ventilation firstly because there’s no opening on the two long boundary sidewalls and secondly because Vietnamese people tend to have lots of fixed partition walls for separating many bedrooms. Therefore, the main theme of this house is to explore the possibility of a new lifestyle in Vietnam, in which that such dark and humid space need to be improved drastically into a bright and open one.
The house is designed with 4 solid thick slabs and no normal fixed partition walls. Each slab, stuck in the different height, has several voids that lead natural reflection light from the top-light, façade and backside into the house. In addition, each slab is set out with several holes of terrazzo bath-tub and foot-space for sitting, especially the 15 holes for greenery with different kinds of tropical plants to enable the space attractive and fresh. Furthermore normal familiar fixed partition walls are replaced into the light, movable and translucent partitions for separating bed spaces, adjusting the balance between the privacy for each individual space and the fluency of whole big space according to the lifestyle’s request. These partitions are the folding or sliding doors with woven bamboo as a shade and jalousie windows system which are easily opened for the natural wind circulation to go through the whole house spaces. Briefly, all of the design intents are to fulfill the tube house spaces with greenery, brightness, well-ventilations then transform the narrow, dark, humid passive residential housing into “the space connecting to the outside natural environment” – where the people can feel the real outside atmosphere.
The house structure is an RC frame structure with reversal beams system. Besides, using the woven bamboo sheet as concrete work’s frames for engraving the bamboo pattern on the exposed concrete ceiling, not only emphasizes the continuous slab and natural lighting effect but also creates stronger aesthetic effect together with real woven bamboo of doors system. All these materials and techniques adopted into this house design are local and widely common in Vietnam. We can feel the natural wind and live without air conditioner comfortably in this house that has the “lifestyle connecting to the outside natural environment”. Somehow, this sustainable and ecological proposal is considered as a re-definition of the Vietnamese traditional lifestyle connecting to the outside environment in contemporary housing. We really hope this simple, bright and open lifestyle can be one of the effective alternatives in the modern lifestyle in Vietnam.
© Hiroyuki Oki
Aesthetically and Geographically Related Projects:
Located in Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, Vegan House (2014) by Block Architects | The Hardt
Located in Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, Vegan House (2014) by Block Architects. This house was in an old terrace next to an apartment built in 1965. The owner works in travel and tourism, he once rented the house and planned to renovate it into a cultural place. It is on this spot that people meet up, share and cook Vietnamese traditional food, especially vegan one. They may also stay in during their time in Vietnam. The owner had hoarded up all the abandoned old things from his friends before brought about the project. They were every kind of furniture such as table, chair, wardrobe, window, and lampshade. With a tight budget, the architect wanted to exploit these old things with available ones and new ones to create a fresher place which still keeps traditional values of the former house. The old windows were used as the main material to create a distinctive appearance. These windows have been used in Vietnam for a long time because of its ventilation. They are now rearranged into a new facade with different colors and cover the old facade, wrap it up to the rooftop and create a special attraction, as well as harmonizing with the ancientness of entire area. Some open windows on the roof provide the trees beneath with space and natural light. This symbolizes growth, hopes for the future and goodness from traditional bedrock.
These windows also turn up inside the house as light partitions, separate and decorate space. On the ground floor, there are long curved kitchen cupboards go through the house. The big kitchen at the front is where people cook, talk and enjoy their cooking together in a dining room behind. Garden and an old staircase to the first floor are among these spaces. On the first floor, there is a bedroom in the front and a place to relax or work. A new steel staircase was built beside the atrium to the second floor, which used to be an unused roof. A bedroom was additionally made of old available steel sheeting, which lies beneath the roof system a short distance to prevent the heat from affecting inside. From this room to the front, there is a garden for drinking tea and looking at the night sky through lit in the window. Two toilets were also designed for these bedrooms. A small atrium was placed at the end for cross-room ventilation, it also provides beneath toilets with natural light. The material of the walls and floors was preserved. Unrefined cement surfaces, jalousie windows and bamboo wattle on the ceiling create both a modern and ancient place and revive Vietnamese architecture in the ’60s and ’70s The architect aspired to create a new place for newcomers from many different cultures. On the basis of rearranging old things in a new way, both the old things and the new ones can exist together and support each other. As time goes by, people here.
© Quang Tran
House 304 (2015) by KIENTRUC O located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam | The Hardt
House 304 (2015) by KIENTRUC O located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. In this house, we want to provoke an honest living experience for a young family living in a typical urban Vietnamese townhouse. Only 3.5mx12m in size, single façade facing an open street, the design context poses challenges to create a casual, well ventilated and well-lit space within a constrained building footage. Vertical expansion of the light well helps to maximize the desired spatial quality and conditions, while provoking a sense of openness and connectedness to nature as it opens up to the sky. House 304 is a combination of simple spatial functionality, contemporary materials, structure, and construction methodology. Finishes with everyday material, white wall, and timber, the focal point of the house is the interplay between light and nature. Airy, open, and provides uninterrupted view both inside out, and outside in, the residence still possess a sense of private and secure when needed. Thus, the house is a pure representation depicting the life of a young Vietnamese family, that is straightforward, authentic and contented.
© Hiroyuki Oki
The Memory (2015) by 23o5studio located in tp. Thủ Dầu Một, Vietnam | The Hardt
The Memory (2015) by 23o5studiolocated in tp. Thủ Dầu Một, Vietnam “The Memory” is an architectural project that is designed for a family of 3 generations – One of the specific characteristics of the Vietnamese – cultural tradition is having the grandparents, the parents and the children all living together in the same house. The spatial structure of this project requires a solution to solve basis daily issues that could arise between 2 young families and the elderly. In addition, the relation, the correlation, and the collision occur when there is no syntony in the lifestyles of the 3 generations is also a big challenge. In order to solve this problem, we consciously design a big house with 2 smaller private houses inside but they have the common front yard as well as backyard; at the end, all of the structures come together as one block.
The creation of a secondary activity area and a walkway to the back of the house helps to segregate daily life activities of the 2 families and to prevent them from colliding with each other; however, the house is still a continuous space for the children to play and the whole family to connect with one another. The main entrance of structure reminds us of “porch roof” of a traditional Vietnamese house, it is like a terrace space made of trees and water.T he main entrance is also higher lifted than the floor to create a gap that is big enough for ventilation. “Ngạch cửa” – an interesting detail of a Vietnamese house – is a place where they can sit, relax, or chat with their neighbors; especially, this is also – the children’ favorite playing space. The living room seems to be a small indoor yard where the light always changes, this is an enjoyable highlight when we step into this space.
In addition, one focus point of this project which we want to retain is the old tiled roof which was built by the grandfather himself about 50 years ago before the new house was constructed. This roof is the center and also the transitional space, it is seen as the soul of the overall structure of this house. The space below this tiled roof is the place where the whole family has dinner together every night -, share stories as well as recalling past memories. The space above the roof is transformed into a multi-purpose place for the children – to relax or read a book…
With “Khoảng trống” and natural light cleverly tackled, we can easily feel the outside weather from the inside. The spatial ratio is also carefully considered to create the necessary contrast between one space and another, light and darkness, modern and tradition. The height of the space is correlated with the empty spaces to bring the adequate sensation and make the people feel comfortable living inside. Beside ratio, space, light, and shadow, we also put into some trees so that everyone who comes in “the memory” can feel everything truly and closely. The trees are the balancing points between the visual and material blocks of the house, they also have the sensation-balancing effect.
“The Memory” is not just a house, it also reminds the family members off of their lost ones. According to the “No born, no die” philosophy, when we lose a beloved family member, the grief will always be there but the essence is in fact “not born, no die”. We believe that in this house, in this space, the soul of the late grandfather and father will always exist – in every single tile, pillar, detail… which was made by the ancestors themselves… “The Memory” aims to clear out the notion about the contrast between oldness and newness, light and darkness, tradition and modern. The project aims to stop people from tying themselves to one perception and taking it as the only truth. When you are not tied to one perception only, you are free.
© Quang Dam
Lộc House (2016) by 23o5studio located in Thành phố Thủ Dầu Một, Vietnam | The Hardt
Lộc House (2016) by 23o5studio located in Thành phố Thủ Dầu Một, Vietnam. Lộc House is a living space of a family with 2 young daughters. The space’s intention is to connect the family members’ activities together. The house’s common area features a small courtyard roofed by a veranda, where the children can enjoy the open space. Lộc house’s colorful veranda casts wavy silhouettes on the wood clad floor. The common space is “Mái hiên” and a small courtyard inside, where children can playing around, reading a book,… In the home, all members are able to observe and communicate with one another through “Khoảng trống.” In the course of operation, human communication of light, wind, and plants act as a resonant and emotional touch. The house’s character then becomes an organic part of the environment, along with the plethora of greenery decorating the rooms. The bedrooms are considered to meet in a just enough way. The architects intentionally left the open space untouched in order to facilitate communication between each other.
© KingKien Photography
Located in Định Công, Hoàng Mai, Hà Nội, Vietnam, 3×10 House by AHL Architects Associates | The Hardt
Located in Định Công, Hoàng Mai, Hà Nội, Vietnam, 3×10 House (2015) by AHL Architects Associates. Hanoi has been spontaneously developing and tube house has become a popular style in this city: the houses stand beside each other, deep in narrow alleys, layer like sardines. After design and construction, the first impression of the house is probably the cleanliness and light overflowing inside.
© Hoang Le Photography
Aesthetically and Geographically Related Projects: